The Type of Land Surveying Equipment That You Will Need
Land surveying is a vital part of the design and construction process of various aspects like roads, buildings, etc. Land surveys are done to mark boundaries, map the topography of land, create elevations for buildings to ward off floods, to ascertain that buildings have been constructed as per particular recommendations, to map river bottoms for dredging, layout photo control for aerial photography, map the layout of tunnels, airports, and so much more.
All land surveying activities must be done accurately to achieve the best results. Surveyors should, thus, make use of certain equipment which may include:
GPS equipment- It uses satellites to conduct surveys by taking the variations in height between two points along with the distance and directions.
Tripod equipment- They are used to hold surveying equipment like theodolites, total stations, levels, and transit. It ought to be stable because when it is moved, it must be reset and a survey repeated. Their accuracy is affected by water, making the choice of their material very critical.
Measurement equipment- The most common of them all is the measuring wheel. It is usually revolved along a particular distance while an odometer counts its revolutions.
Theodolites- They are used to realize horizontal and vertical angles, elevation and height.
Laser levels – They are used to shoot beams of laser light that tracks elevation. They are used for diverse tasks that are essential during construction. They can be manually operated or independent. Self-level lasers find their own levels independently, while manual lasers require being adjusted while in use.
Laser receivers- They are used together with laser levels to work on greater spaces that require being assessed. They pick up beams from the laser levels and adjust their height until the right level has been found, at which point the receiver emits a constant sound. They make it possible to use laser levels outside and when the sun is shining so bright.
Single or dual grade lasers- They are used in the evaluation of slopes. The single grade laser only calculates gradient for one particular plane, while dual grade lasers can calculate the gradient of two planes at once.
Rotating and straight line lasers- Rotating lasers produce a beam of laser light from a beacon that rotates to assess a plane across 360 degrees, while straight line lasers are used to produce a cross or plumb line.
Pipe lasers- They are used during the installation of new pipes, drains or sewers. When a pipe has been laid, the laser beam light is used to place the other in line with the others to achieve accuracy in the piping.